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What is the way that fiber optic connectors work? The history of fiber optic telecommunications deserves a book by itself...

Optic fiber is a thin, cylindrical fiber made of glass or plastic, as tiny as one tenth of the human hair. The standard optical fiber in telecom is composed of three cylindrical layers, counted from the inside out the fiber core (diameter 8x10um) as well as the cladding (diameter 130um) along with buffer coating (diameter 900um).

Fiber core and cladding is composed of silica or glass. Fiber Core and Cladding layers combine to contain the light inside the core, without leakage. Fiber buffer coating is made out of plastic or acrylic, and gives handling flexibility and physical protection for the fiber.

Fiber optics employ an optical phenomenon known as internal reflection. When light is introduced into the fiber from its end face, it is kept inside the core without spilling out and losing energy.

Then light is digitally modulated to represent the numbers 1 and 0 like a computer, and information can be transferred from one place to another site which may be from San Francisco all the way to New York.

What are fiber optic connectors and how do they function?

You now know how optical fibers operate. So what exactly is the fiber optic connector? And what’s its function in the fiber optic network of telecommunications?

Simply put A fiber optic connector’s function is similar to an electric power source It relies on light to transmit from one part of optical fiber with a different section that is optical.

Because optical fibers are tiny they require fiber optic connectors to be constructed with high precision, at the size to 0.1um which is one hundredth of the human hair.

Fiber optic connectors are positioned to align two fibers end to end so precisely that light can be transferred from one fiber to another without bounce off the interface and loss its signal.

In addition fiber optic connectors, they provide cross connect flexibility to the telecommunication network. Thus, a complex computer network could be made modular and manageable.

Similar to other connectors utilized in the electronic industry, تركيب الياف بصرية the electric industry and the computer industry, a variety of types and types of connectors for fiber optics were invented during the evolution of the fiber optic communication. Certain types were once very popular in the industry and now have served their purpose and are fading away.

The most popular fiber optic connectors in use today comprise SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few of lesser-known ones. You will surely see new connectors developed with the progress of this industry.

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