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How do fiber optic connectors work? The history of fiber optic telecommunications deserves an entire book, because it took several...

Optical fiber is a long thin cylindrical fiber that is made of plastic or glass, that is as small as one tenth of human hair. The standard optical fiber in telecom is composed of three cylindrical layers, counted in the inside as fiber core (diameter 8x10um), cladding (diameter of 125um) as well as buffer layer (diameter 900um).

The fiber core and cladding are made from glass or silica. The fiber core and the layers of cladding work together to confine the light inside the core, without losing. The fiber buffer coating is constructed of plastic or acrylic and provides handling flexibility and physical protection to the fiber.

Fiber optics employ an optical phenomenon called total internal reflection. When light is injected into the fiber from end face, it is kept inside the core not leaking out and الالياف البصرية stc losing its energy.

Then, light is digitally modulated to show the numbers 1 and 0 as a computer. As such, information can be transferred from one location to another, which could be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.

What is a fiber optic connector and what do they do?

Now you understand the way optical fibers function. What is an optical connector and what’s the purpose of the fiber optic network of telecommunications?

Simply put The fiber optic connector’s purpose is similar to an electric power plug It is used to connect light in one segment of optical fiber with a different section of optical fiber.

Because optical fibers are tiny that fiber optic connectors need to be constructed with high precision, at the scale that is 0.1um that is just one centimeter of the human hair.

Fiber optic connectors connect two fibers from end to end in a way that light can move from one fiber to another without bounce off the interface and loss its signal.

Besides fiber optic connectors, they provide cross connect flexibility for the telecommunication network. Thus, a complex computer network can be modularized and manageable.

Similar to other connectors utilized in the electric industry, electronic industry, and the computer industry, a variety of types connected to fiber optic cables were developed in the course of development of the fiber optic communication. Certain types were once highly popular in the market and now have served their purpose and are disappearing.

The most well-known fiber optic connectors used nowadays comprise SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few others that are less well-known. There are certain to be new connectors invented with the development of the industry.

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