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How Do Fiber Optic Connectors work? The history of fiber optic communications is an entire book, as it took a...

optical fiber is a thin cylindrical fiber made from plastic or glass, smaller than one tenth of a human hair. The standard optical fiber in telecom is made up of three layers that are counted in the inside as fiber core (diameter 8x10um), the cladding (diameter 125um) along with buffer coating (diameter 900um).

Fiber core and cladding are made of glass or silica. The fiber core and the Cladding layers combine to contain the light inside the core without losing. Fiber buffer coating is created from acrylic or plastic and gives handling flexibility and physical protection to the fiber.

Fiber optics employ an optical phenomenon called total internal reflection. When light is introduced into the fiber from its the end, it becomes confined inside the core without leaking outside and wasting its energy.

Then, light is digitally modified to represent the numbers 1 and 0 like a computer, مندوب ألياف بصرية stc (Home Page) so information can be transferred from one site to another, which could be from San Francisco all the way to New York.

What are fiber optic connectors ? And how do they work?

Now you understand how optical fibers work. What is an optical connector and what’s the purpose of the fiber optic telecommunications network?

In simple terms The fiber optic connector’s purpose is similar to that of an electric power supply that is used to connect light in one segment of optical fiber to another section that is optical.

Since optical fibers are small that fiber optic connectors need to be designed with extreme precision, at the size to 0.1um that is just one centimeter of a human hair.

Fiber optic connectors align two fibers from one end to the other so precisely that light can move from one fiber to another without bouncing off the interface and loss its signal.

In addition the fact that fiber optic connectors offer cross connect flexibility for the telecommunications network. Thus, a complex computer network could be made modular and simple to manage.

Similar to other connectors that are used in electronic industry, the electric industry, or computer industry, numerous kinds of fiber optic connectors were created during the evolution of the fiber optic communication. Certain of them were highly popular in the market but they have since served their purpose and are fading away.

The most well-known fiber optic connectors used nowadays are SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA as well as a few other less popular ones. There are certain to be new connectors being developed as a result of the development of the industry.

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