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Boronic Acids | Boronic Acids in Medicinal Chemistry

Boronic Acids in Medicinal Chemistry, a class of molecules containing a boron atom, are a key platform in medicinal chemistry. These compounds have attracted interest because of their distinct features, which make them appropriate for a variety of applications in medication design and development.
Boronic acids are commonly used in medicinal chemistry to protect medications targeting malignant tissue. This is accomplished by utilising a well-known interaction between boronic acids and diols, which are abundant in cancer cells. By adding a boronic acid group to a therapeutic molecule, it can be preferentially transported to cancer cells and activated by interacting with diols to release the active medication.

Boronic acids have a trigonal planar structure, with the boron atom in the middle bound to three substituents. The boron atom’s vacant p orbital allows it to establish covalent bonds with nucleophilic groups like hydroxyls and amines. This feature is critical to their reactivity and capacity to participate in molecular recognition processes.
Boronic acids can be synthesised using a variety of methods, depending on the desired structure and functionality. One popular method is to react boronic acid derivatives with appropriate reagents, such as boron halides or boronic esters. Another way is to hydroborate alkenes or alkynes, then oxidise to produce boronic acids. Boronic acids can also be produced from boron-containing precursors using a variety of functionalization processes.

Boronic acids have been widely used in medication design and discovery in a variety of therapeutic fields. One significant use is the development of proteasome inhibitors to treat cancer. Boronic acid-based proteasome inhibitors selectively target and inhibit the proteasome, a cellular component involved in protein breakdown that accumulates hazardous proteins and eventually kills cancer cells.

Boronic Acids | Boronic Acids in Medicinal Chemistry

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